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The Ger (Mongolian Felt Tent)

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The Ger (Mongolian Felt Tent)


The Mongolians have been living in gers for over 1000 years.

It is an ideal home for nomads as the ger (dwelling)

can be erected in about an hour or so.


The tents are covered in felt that helps insulate the nomads

from the wind and the cold winter weather.

Canvas is also used in combination with felt.

The underlying structure of the ger is interlocking trellises.

These concertina down for easy transport.

A roof wheel into which poles radiate and rest on the trellis frame caps the roof.

The roof wheel and the weight of the roof are supported by two sturdy posts

and the trellises are kept in place bands of rope.



The Ger’s door always faces south with the north side being the honoured or sacred area. The west side is the male side, the east the female, the centre is where the hearth or stove is. The cooking equipment is in the South West and the horse equipment in the South East. Honoured guest sit in the North West.


web jpeg astrological ger

The Layout of an old traditional Ger


1. Saddle, lasso, 2. Bridle, halter 3. Airag (Mare’s milk) bag 4. Yoghurt churn

5. Felt, Skins & blanket storage  6. Chest for clothes, the honoured guest sits in front  7. Gun & hunting equipment 8. Mongolian & Tibetan books, the guest lama position 9. Centre of Xoimor (sacred area) 10. Wife’s chest 11. Hat box 12. Marital bed

13. Wife’s saddle & bridle 14 Wooden bowls & plates 15. Cooking pot

16. Felt mats  17. Low table for serving tea and food.

18. Brazier or stove 19. Metal box for dried dung fuel

20. Skins on the ground 21. Door

22. Lowest hierarchical position in the tent

web jpegdisassembled ger










All of the worldly possessions of the herds-people except for their animals reside in the ger.

These are all packed together with the ger and traditionally loaded onto camels.

Nowadays, if available a lorry is hired.

The ger is the focus of life amongst the Mongolian Nomads.

Most of the celebrations like the child’s first hair cutting ceremony

below and marriages are held in gers.


web jpeg ger on camels 












web jpeg ger celebration